There is a debate raging in square dance groups on Facebook (and presumably elsewhere) these days about the square dance dress code. On one side, there are the people who think it is an infringement of personal freedom to be told to wear anything in particular (other than some sort of clothing), and on the other, there are people who feel that the traditional costumes are part of the activity and, therefore, dancers should wear them. There are also people in the middle, since some people like to have a dress code of some sort (e.g. “long sleeves for men, skirts for women” or “dress nicely” or “no shorts”) and some people like to have dress codes for certain events but not others.
Here in Japan, many people like to wear the clothes that match the activity they are doing. If they are hiking, they will have proper hiking boots, hiking poles, hiking clothes, a rugged knapsack, etc., even if they are just going for a walk in an urban area that doesn’t actually require any of these things. Hiking is really just about hiking/walking (i.e. putting one foot in front of the other), but, for some people, the clothes add something to the experience, even if they are not actually necessary.
I think there is a certain personality type that prefers formal to informal, or “proper” to (what they perceive as) improper. There is also a certain personality type that prefers informal, and is less concerned about proper vs. improper.
To some people, the “traditional” square dance attire is old, uncool, unattractive, and difficult to dance in. To others, it brings additional joy to the activity. It is quite hard for people in one camp to understand the point of people in the other camp. (This is true of almost any divisive issue. The situation is exacerbated by the fact that we tend to surround ourselves with people who agree with us on many such issues, so we live in an artificial microcosm of agreement. This gives us the feeling that we are in the majority, when in fact, we have just created a convenient majority around ourselves.)
One argument that people often use in square dance debates is “it’s all about the dancing”. The problem is that that doesn’t actually work as an argument. It’s not all about the dancing, because if it were, then we would all show up at our events, dance around like silent robots, and then leave, fully satisfied. “The dancing” itself is even hard to pin down to one thing. Is it the individual steps that we take, or the combination of calls (the choreography) that is “the dancing”? And are simple dance combinations “the dancing” as much as complex combinations? Would the addition or removal of any particular step, call, or program change “the dancing”? Would square dancing be equally enjoyable if there was no touching? Would you still like it as much if there was no talking while dancing? No smiling? No breaks in between dances to catch up with your fellow club members? If you take any of these elements away, is it still dancing? Technically, everything other than the steps that we take and the choreography is not “the dancing”, but certainly those other parts add to the experience to make the dancing more (or less) enjoyable. And what one person thinks of as essential to “the dancing”, others may not find important at all (cf. swinging in the various levels of square dancing vs. in contra dancing).
There are many aspects of square dancing that are enjoyable and add to the overall experience. Having or not having a dress code is certainly going to please some and not others. My opinion on this topic is that there is no one dress code that will please everyone, so a compromise has to be made. One caller came up with a phrase that, I believe, works to appease an actual majority of dancers.
“Square dance attire admired, but not required.”
It even rhymes! This policy statement lets people who enjoy wearing costumes feel comfortable wearing them, and lets people who don’t enjoy wearing costumes feel fine with their choice not to wear them. Voila! Maximum potential enjoyment achieved on this issue! Note that I didn’t say that everyone will be happy, but that this policy creates a maximum number of pleased (or “not annoyed”) dancers. There will still be some uncompromising people who will think that square dancing has been ruined by either the overly strict or overly lax dress code, but I think a vast majority of people will recognize that no one issue can explain or prevent the decline in dancers, and be satisfied with this compromise.
Article in the Kings County Advertiser/Register (Nova Scotia, Canada) about square dancing.
South Berwick Woman Named Oldest Active Square Dancer in Continental America
September 3, 2014
Article in the Comox Valley Echo (British Columbia, Canada) about square dancing.
A major 21 year study led by the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City with a focus on whether physical or cognitive recreational activities influenced mental acuity. They studied such activities as reading, writing, crossword puzzles, playing cards and playing musical instruments. They also studied physical activities like tennis or golf, swimming, cycling, dancing and walking. Dancing came out near the top as an activity that assists in rewiring our neural pathways and thereby helping our mental acuity. Dancing integrates several brain functions at once – kinesthetic, rational, musical and emotional. And square dancers experience all of this and more!
Article in the Beaver Dam Daily Citizen (Wisconsin) about square dancing.
Dancers, callers, and round dance cuers come from many states besides Wisconsin to provide the dancers with “friendship set to music.” We’ve met and made friends with many great people from those other areas over the years.
Jim Vickers-Willis played a big part in popularizing square dance in Australia in the 1950s. This website tells his story.
Here is a video with images from that era and audio of Jim calling.
Any calls including the words “ocean”, “dive”, or “wave” come with a surprise!
From the description of the website:
The Canadian Olde Tyme Square Dance Callers’ Association was founded in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in 1954 by a group of callers interested in preserving, and promoting the traditional Canadian style of square and couple dancing.
This radio show on “Quantum Computing: The Holy Grail Of The Information Age” mentions square dancing (2:36-3:08).
This week, I would like to ask for your help in creating questions that could be included in a quiz or a flowchart that would help people decide what kind of dancing they might like to do. My opinion about all of the different kinds of traditional dances (modern Western square dancing, contra dancing, clogging, traditional square dancing, round dancing, etc.) is that they are not competing with each other, but that they are offering various options for people who have different tastes. I would like to create a list of questions that could be used in various ways to help dancers choose the kind of dancing that might suit them best.
Please fill out this survey with your ideas of questions that could help direct potential dancers. I will add the responses (i.e. the questions) to the bottom of this post so you can see what others have come up with.
Don’t worry about the answers to the questions for now. There are variations within one kind of dancing (e.g. pop music and country music can both be used in modern Western square dancing, fiddles can be used in contra dancing and traditional square dancing), but don’t let that distract you from making your questions. It’s okay for the potential answers to be complex or for there to be more than one answer. Right now we are more concerned with the questions.
Questions about Music
- Do you like pop music?
- Do you like country and western music?
- Do you like modern music?
- Do you like fiddle music?
- Do you like to dance to fast music?
- Do you like to dance to slow music?
- Do you like dance to live music?
- Do you like to dance to famous singers/bands?
- Can you clap on the beat of the music?
- Can you clap on the off-beat of the music?
Questions about Clothing
- Do you like to dress up to dance?
- Do you like to wear casual clothes to dance?
- Do you like wearing a traditional square dance costume (with a fluffy skirt)?
Questions about Partners
- Do you want to bring a partner to the dance?
- Do you want to attend the dance without a partner?
- Do you like to dance with just one partner all night?
- Do you like to dance with many partners?
- Do you like to dance with people of the opposite gender?
- Do you like to dance with people of the same gender?
- Do you like dancing with all people, regardless of their gender?
- Are you married, or do you have a partner?
- Are you single?
- If you are in a relationship, do you want to dance only with each other?
Questions about Steps
- Do you like remembering lots of steps?
- Do you like to just show up and dance without having to learn anything ahead of time?
Questions about Time
- Do you have time to commit to some lessons?
- Do you want to dance once a year?
- Do you want to dance once a month?
- Do you want to dance once a week?
Questions about the Style of Dancing
- Do you like tap dancing?
- Do you like ballroom dancing?
- Do you like line dancing?
Questions about Feelings about Dancing
- Do you like to use both your body and your mind actively when you dance?
- Do you like to lose yourself in the music and not have to think?
Questions about Physical Contact
- Do you mind being touched on the hands by people of the same sex?
- Do you mind being touched on the hands by people of the opposite sex?